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Sunday 15 October 2023

u3a Fungus stroll 14 October 2023

It is amazing just how many specimens one misses if alone.  However, with ten pairs of eyes many more species are found.  And this was the case on Saturday 14th October with Haywards Heath u3a Nature walks group.  Especially observant was Deborah for finding fungi that I had missed.  Hilary’s knowledge and enthusiasm was also a great asset.  She differentiated a desiccated cow pat from a dried bracket fungus by the sniff test:  it was a bracket!  Many links are included in this report should you wish to discover more about these vital organisms.

All fungi can be eaten once.  Do NOT assume that any of my suggested identifications are correct!

The churchyard was disappointing.  The Russula fungi we found last year under the solitary pine were not evident.  However, we did marvel at the lichen growing on the gravestones and on a wooden bench.  See also

A very old oak had an Artist’s Bracket fungus in the medieval meadows.  A peculiarity of this fungus is its use as a drawing medium for artists.  When the fresh white pore surface is scratched, dark brown tissue under the pores is revealed.  The shading becomes permanent once the fungus is dried. This is what gives Ganoderma applanatum its common name.  With a marlin spike, I engraved a letter G in it to prove the point.

The wax caps we hoped to find were elusive.

The woodland was more rewarding with Amethys deceiver  among the leaf litter, which is similar in appearance to the poisonous Lilac fibre cap.

A beautiful Porcelain fungus was found on a fallen dead beech branch.  This fungus led to the creation of a safe and effective group of agricultural fungicides called 'the strobilurins', which have improved yields of wheat and fruit crops by protecting them from powdery mildew attacks.  Ref.

Fungi are often host specific.  A birch grove sported Fly agaric and round or hoof-shaped Birch polypore mushrooms.

Panther cap fungi are uncommon.  These were the first I had seen in this wood.  Ref:

The turkey tail fungi grow throughout the year on trees and dead wood.

We saw a solitary Bolete, which was surprising and intriguing crust fungi.

Deborah spotted a puff ball as we left the wood.

My thanks to Ruth, Hilary, Gloria, Geraldine, Anne, Penny, Stella, Deborah and Sue for making this walk such a joy.  I’m  sorry to those who were turned away.  It is however impractical to have more than ten on such walks.

Is it a fungus or a dried out cow pat?  Only one way to find out!  Sniff, sniff... A fungus declares Hilary!

Sunday 8 October 2023

Fungi nature stroll, Saturday 14th October 2023 at 11:10 hr

Fungi fruiting bodies erupt overnight at this time of year.  Their diversity is amazing.  See for many pictures from last year’s u3a fungi walk including the exquisite “Lilac bonnet fungus” and "Porcelain fungus" plus the route.

The walk will include three habitats on a modular stroll with Haywards Heath u3a nature walks group on Saturday 14th October 2023 at 11:10 hr (connecting with the 271 bus from Haywards Heath) from Cuckfield Broad Street car park where a parking disk is needed.

Part one: a mile without stiles looks beneath a pine tree in the churchyard and then nearby meadows, which date from medieval times.  These meadows are rare habitats and produce waxcap fungi.  Please see for expert information on waxcaps.  Please note there is a family of Galloway cattle in these fields including a docile bull, consequently NO dogs are allowed on this walk.

Part two: continues a further mile with two stiles into New England Wood nature reserve – a deciduous woodland where best practice is to NOT remove any fungi. shows some species in this wood from 2009.  And more recently at

Numbers are limited and it is essential to register at and await confirmation if you wish to come.  No foraging in these habitats please.  And please do NOT turn up without a confirmed place.

With thanks and best regards


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